2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY
Review by Michael Jacobson
Stars: Keir Dullea, Gary
Director: Stanley Kubrick
Audio: Dolby Digital 5.1, PCM 5.1
Video: Anamorphic Widescreen 2.2:1
Studio: Warner Bros.
Features: See Review
Length: 148 Minutes
Release Date: October 23, 2007
Dave my mind is going I can feel it I can feel it Im afraid, Dave
Perhaps the most ambitious aspect of Stanley Kubricks 2001: A Space Odyssey is its timeline, which spans the entire breadth of human evolution. Beginning with The Dawn of Man and ending with Beyond the Infinite, we see all of mankinds history truncated into two and a half hours, starting from the very beginning and ending in a place too advanced for us to completely understand. The film also suggests that some intelligence (God, perhaps, but in a non-traditional way) has been watching over us, guiding our collective destiny, and ultimately, waiting for us to step off our home soil and come out.
2001 was instantly recognized as a bold and revolutionary new film upon its release in 1968, but not everyone praised it for those qualities. Even a renowned and respected critic like Pauline Kael called the picture amateurish and unimaginative. Walkouts were plenty, and many of those who stayed that year after the summer of love stayed because they found in Kubricks film the ultimate trip.
But this picture, like most of Kubricks works, was ahead of its time. Years passed, and suddenly it was almost universally acclaimed as one of the greatest movies ever made. Its certainly been my favorite ever since seeing it for the first time.
Why the initial coolness? There are many reasons, I suppose, not the least of which, strangely, is the films sense of optimism; a spirit that wasnt prevailing in this country at the time of its release. With the Cold War fever in full bloom, were people really ready to see an American and some Russians sitting together in the same space station, chatting amiably and inviting each other to visit their country? Probably not. In fact, they still werent ready to in the early 1980s when 2010 came out, a film that returned American/Russian hostilities to the narrative without explanation.
This spirit of optimism helps define, if not explain, the ending, where astronaut Dr. David Poole (Dullea) is transported through some kind of stargate to find a surreal yet comfortable world waiting for him, where the remainder of his life is rushed through so he can evolve to the next phase of humanity, the famed starchild. We dont completely comprehend what this means to us, but we cant help but sense that its something good.
Of course, the heart of the story is the Jupiter mission, which is a classic science fiction tale about the dangers of man making machine in his own image. A perfect thinking machine, the HAL 9000, malfunctions and finds itself at odds with his human companions, Drs. Poole and Frank Bowman (Lockwood) on board the spacecraft Discovery. Perhaps if HAL had some sort of CMMS maintenance software to insure he was running properly at all times he would not have went on his murdering spree.
But consider the parts of the movie that surround this central conflict, and how challenging it was to the traditional film narrative. Dialogue is very sparse in fact, theres not a single spoken word for the first half hour or so. Kubrick doesnt rush through his Dawn of Man sequence, which I know personally drives some first-time viewers mad, as its nothing but grunts, growls and screams. But this is a vital part of the story, and it takes faith to get through it and follow the picture to the end, THEN put all the pieces together in your mind.
Man is portrayed as humbled, clumsy, and starving. The desert areas (in which the earliest human remains have been discovered) were hot and oppressive. Water was scarce. Man was not even able to defend himself against animal attackers in fact, man and animal were often shot together in integrated groups. There was practically no difference between them.
The only physical evidence of an extraterrestrial intelligence in the movie is a tall, smooth, black monolith that makes its first appearance here. This monolith somehow communicates to man the idea to pick up a bone and use it as a tool. Suddenly, man becomes the hunter instead of the hunted. He has meat to consume. By the end of the segment, this group of men is no longer on all fours, but upright, and the animals are now separated from them (or vice versa).
Without the benefit of a new title card, the story hurtles from the distant past to the near future (the logical progression of learning to use a tool is apparently the construction of a spacecraft, if you jump ahead a few million years). Man has reached the moon, and discovered another monolith buried beneath the lunar surface. Man doesnt remember the monolith, but the monolith clearly remembers man, and sends a powerful radio signal towards Jupiter, letting whatever intelligence out there know: its taken awhile, but man is finally coming out.
Enhancing the storyline are Kubricks groundbreaking special effects, many of which still look remarkable by todays standards. He spent a full five years on this picture, and a great deal of that involved painting out the matte lines one by one and frame by frame in his model spacecraft shots a tedious and painstaking process, to be sure, but one that produced the greatest illusion of space travel ever seen on the screen an illusion that would not be duplicated until the age of CGI.
These images are cut to the sounds of classical music, most notably, Strauss Blue Danube Waltz. In these modernistic images, Kubrick obviously saw something balletic and beautiful in the movement. A master of using music in ways that defined tradition, here Kubrick used it almost as a counter to what was happening on screen. The music did not enhance or support the narrative. It existed completely outside of it. Yet today, who can hear the opening strains of Also Sprach Zarathustra without thinking of 2001?
Now that weve passed the year that Kubrick made famous with his film, one can study the picture with a lot more perspective. Its clear that the optimism of Kubrick and co-writer Arthur C. Clark was a bit premature maybe such a future is still ahead of us, but it's further away than the 33 years these men envisioned. We are not a world at peace, our computers are not yet self-aware, we have yet to send a man any further than the moon (and when we got there a year after the film came out, we sadly found no evidence that anything was waiting for us).
But its still these possibilities that make 2001 a film that defies time. Three years from now, it wont matter that weve passed the year by a decade. Well still watch with hope. After all, if it took us 4 million years to go from an ape-like figure with a bone to a race of men that walked on the moon, perhaps a few more years isnt too long to wait for bigger and better things.
Let's see...how many incarnations of this film have I owned on video? There was the initial VHS release, then the widescreen tape, then the first (regrettably awful DVD), then the remastered, then the special edition, and now the Blu-ray. Well, at least each experience has been notably better than the previous one.
The video quality on the Blu-ray version is beyond stunning. I've seen this film more times than I can count, and as much of a cliché as it seems, I really saw many things this time around that I'd never seen before. The opening "Dawn of Man" scenes ring out with a depth and clarity that are absolutely unprecedented. I even noticed a tiny hair from the aperture plate in one of the upright shots of the monolith.
Then the space scenes...absolutely incredible. The earth has never looked so good. The minute detail of every spacecraft, inside and out, is staggering. When the chuckle-inducing shot of the zero gravity toilet is shown (passengers advised to read instructions before use), you can freeze the image and actually READ the instructions. I could even see that "Hal 9000" appears over Hal's red eye, or that the bell logo at the end of the video phone sequence actually has "Bell Systems" written on it.
And the stargate experience is a whole new world. I sat back in my seat and really felt like I took the journey Dave Bowman took.
It used to be a dream of mine to see this movie projected on the big screen one day. I'd still kind of like to, but not nearly as much as before. I don't think anything could match what Blu-ray had to offer for me. An absolute apex for digital home viewing.
Oh, if Stanley Kubrick could have only heard this. 2001 is deserving of, and had received before, a 5.1 remix, but Blu-ray opens it up like never before. The opening strains of "Also Sprach Zarathustra" sounds like a live orchestra in your living room. There's more subtlety than ever before, all the way through the primitive man scenes through to the end, with plenty of dynamic range and the ever-present voice of Hal emanating from all channels so that you can't get away from him. A real revelation.
This disc has everything you saw on the special edition DVD, but thanks to Blu-ray, only one disc is needed. It starts a wonderful commentary by co-stars Keir Dullea and Gary Lockwood, and they get to speak much much more than they did in the actual movie. There is also the Channel Four documentary on the making of the film hosted by James Cameron, plus four new featurettes. There is a look at the conceptual artwork for the special effects, a look at Kubrick's early Look magazine work, and an audio interview with Kubrick from 1966. The original trailer is here as well.
Forty years after the release of Kubrick's groundbreaking motion picture, it finally feels like the future has arrived. This is the single best experience I've had to date with my home theatre, and considering 2001: A Space Odyssey is my favorite film of all time, I couldn't have asked for a better time to have that experience. Kudos to Warner Bros...Stanley Kubrick would have been very pleased.