JULES AND JIM
Review by Ed Nguyen
Jeanne Moreau, Oskar Werner, Henri Serre
Director: François Truffaut
Audio: French monaural
Video: Black & white, anamorphic widescreen 2.35:1
Features: Commentaries, The Key to Jules and Jim excerpt, Bibliothèque de poche excerpt, Cinéastes de notre temps excerpt, L'Invité du dimanche segment, theatrical trailer, interviews, 44-page booklet, and more!
Length: 105 minutes
Release Date: May 31, 2005
a vision for all, perhaps not meant for any one man alone."
1953, septuagenarian author Henri-Pierre Roché published his first novel,
"Jules and Jim." Initial
critical reaction to the autobiographical book was lukewarm or simply
indifferent, and Roché's novel seemed destined to join innumerable works by
other unknown authors in the inconspicuous bargain bins of back-alley bookshops.
However, as fate would have it, a young and impressionable French film
critic happened upon a copy of the book and, after reading it, sensed something
special in Roché's elliptical prose about the relationship between two men and
one woman. He recognized the
novel's potential for a fine film adaptation, particularly with its fresh and
liberating variation on the timeless love story.
critic mentioned Roché's novel briefly in a review for (of all things) a 1956
American Western film. Destiny
deemed that Roché would read this very article when it was published in the
newspaper Arts on March 14, 1956, and
shortly thereafter the two men struck up a friendly correspondence by mail.
It would be the commencement of a brief collaboration between the two men
until Roché's passing in 1959.
film critic so enthralled with Roché's story had been none other than François
Truffaut. During the mid-1950's,
Truffaut had been the critical equivalent of a fire-and-brimstone preacher,
championing the fresh and carefree style of American films (especially of the
gangster and film noir genres) while denouncing the stale and backward
stagnation of French cinema. As
with most frustrated critics, Truffaut felt that he could personally create
something more innovative than the current product, something that could truly
revolutionize the cinema.
would indeed direct such a film, 1959's The
400 Blows. Considered a
masterpiece and one of the finest French films ever made, The 400 Blows ushered in the New Wave, a movement comprised of an
eclectic group of young and optimistic first-time French directors determined to
re-invigorate French cinema. However,
Truffaut had originally intended his first film to be an adaptation of
"Jules and Jim," with Roché himself authoring the screenplay to
re-create for the film the novel's nostalgic quality of an old photo album.
Roché's death delayed the project temporarily, although Jean Gruault
would eventually write the screenplay (with assistance from Truffaut).
Truffaut wished to honor the novel's simple and distinctive prose, and
the completed screenplay by Gruault and Truffaut reflected this faithfulness by
lifting numerous sections from the novel verbatim for voice-overs in the film.
(1962) would become Truffaut's third feature film (after The
400 Blows and Shoot the Piano Player).
Today, the film is widely revered as one of the greatest films of the
French New Wave and a masterpiece by any other standard.
Truffaut envisioned the film as more than just a simple love story; he
wanted to "show two men who love the same woman in such a way that the
public [would] love all three of them equally."
As such, meticulous care was taken to assemble the right cast with the
right charismatic chemistry to elicit audience empathy for not just one but for
all three characters.
film's three main characters are Jules, an aspiring Austrian author, the
Frenchman Jim, and the young woman Catherine (Kathe in the novel) who both men
adore. The role of Catherine was cast fairly quickly after Truffaut noticed
actress Jeanne Moreau in a theatrical production of Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (Roché himself gave Moreau his blessings only
days before he passed away). The
actress projected an intelligent and worldly sophistication that had already
been showcased by director Louis Malle in 1957's Ascenseur pour l'Echofaud and 1958's The Lovers. However,
Moreau's portrayal of Catherine would be one of her most memorable roles,
highlighting a successful film career during which she appeared in other such
acclaimed films as Luis Bunuel's Diary of
a Chambermaid and Orson Welles's Chimes
at Midnight. As Jean-Pierre Léaud
(star of The 400 Blows) would become
the adolescent face of the French New Wave, so Jeanne Moreau with her depiction
of Catherine in Jules and Jim would
become the poster girl of the New Wave.
picked two relative unknowns for the roles of the two men in Catherine's life.
Oskar Werner, primarily a stage actor, was chosen to portray the writer
Jules. Werner was a dynamic and
fine actor with an impressive range (he was later nominated for an Oscar for his
performance in 1965's Ship of Fools), and he would provide a touching and heartfelt anchor
to some of Jules and Jim's wilder
antics. Henri Serre was chosen to
play Jim for his resemblance to the young Roché (Jim was essentially Roché's
alter-ego in the novel).
opens in Paris in the final years before the First World War.
Aspiring artists Jules and Jim first meet on the eve of an evening soirée,
quickly becoming solid friends. A
somewhat odd yet kindred couple, they participate in fervent debates over life,
love, and philosophy, in no particular order.
They go on double dates with women together and party together, all in
service of finding that one true compatible love-mate.
Failures are aplenty but do not deter either man for long, as Jim
optimistically expresses - "Lost one, find ten more."
evening during these carefree times, the two friends watch a magic lantern show
and are inspired by the feminine sculptural images they see therein.
One particular sculpture instantly fascinates them, the image of the
perfect Earth-mother / sensual lover. Soon
afterwards, Jules and Jim encounter the very embodiment of this sculpture in
Catherine. With her beautiful full lips, soulful eyes, and wryly
scornful countenance, Catherine proves to be irresistibly mesmerizing to the
men, who are both soon taken by her.
is a passionate free spirit. She
lives life to the fullest. She is
impulsive and spontaneous and cannot be tied down for long, even to the
detriment of her eventual marriage to one of the two friends.
Catherine represents the post-modernist, prototypical feminist, but more
importantly for Jules and Jim, she is the catalyst to their emotional
First World War inconveniently interrupts this friendship, throwing both men on
opposite poles of the conflict. However,
their enduring camaraderie skips nary a beat following the final armistice, and
the friendship resumes quickly thereafter.
In one sense, the two friends Jules and Jim are reflections of the same
personality. The alliteration of
their first names even confuses the women they meet, further illustrating the
close bond between the two men. Inseparable
before the war, Jules and Jim remain closely tied afterwards, sharing the same
thoughts and aspirations (and in the end, the compassion of the same woman).
Jules and Jim are Don Quixote and Sancho Panza, as they even note
important as is the friendship between Jules and Jim, the most pivotal character
in the film is Catherine. Both men
set her upon a pedestal as a goddess to be worshiped.
She is, after all, the flesh-and-blood realization of that garden
sculpture that had so mesmerized the men. Truffaut
emphasizes this point by employing similarly energetic camera movements in
introducing both the stone sculpture and Catherine and again later through
freeze frames on Moreau's profile. However,
Catherine is more than a static work of art.
She is animated and uninhibited, full of life, unwilling or unable to be
pigeon-holed or restricted in any way. Her
inherent need for personal freedom ultimately will have sadder repercussions
later in the film.
the somewhat poignant conclusion to the film, Jules and Jim remains at heart a celebration of life and human
bonds. The film possesses an
amazing sense of lightness and frivolity; here is a story which simply wades in
the clouds, floating seemingly above all petty worries or preoccupations with
the daily trials of life. While the
two friends Jules and Jim have their problems, each is so forgiving and
understanding of one another that no conflict is ever allowed to significantly
dampen their moods or lives. They
equally share the same woman, much as Catherine herself benefits emotionally
from the two men's friendship. This
is perhaps the purest ménage à trois,
in which all three people are equal participants.
few subsequent films have come close to replicating Jules and Jim's ethereal quality (most notably 1967's Elvira
Madigan), its unique sense of atypical romance (notably 1971's Harold
and Maude), or even the poignancy of its two-men, one-woman relationship
(notably Terence Malick's Days of Heaven).
Truffaut uses a surprising number of innovative fast cuts, freeze frames,
and disjointed editing techniques in Jules
and Jim. This apparent disregard for the conventional rules of
cinematic storytelling is part of what makes the film so compelling and so
fresh, even today. However, at its
core lies the touching relationship between the film's three characters, and
Truffaut's romantic film remains without peer in world cinema; one might even
argue that the French have attempted for years since to emulate or to recreate
the delicate and whimsical style of the best Truffaut films, albeit with little
success. Truffaut stands alone, and
Jules and Jim is quite possibly his
greatest masterpiece and the pinnacle of the French New Wave.
et Jim is
presented in its original black & white aspect ratio of 2.35:1. The transfer was created from a 35mm fine-grain master
positive struck from the original camera negative.
The transfer is encoded on a dual-layer DVD-9 disc with a transfer rate
averaging over 6 Mbps. Image
quality is relatively clear with sharp delineation of objects. There are some archival war footage sequences which are
naturally of poorer visual quality than the rest of the film. There is also a brief section with superimposed English and
French subtitles (for German dialogue!), making comprehension a bit tricky.
Aside from some mild grain and a bit of emulsion scuffing, but the
picture is otherwise quite decent with fine gray tones and contrast levels.
et Jim is
presented in its original French monaural sound.
The 1.0 signal is directed primarily to the center channel. The sound is not particularly dynamic and is a bit thin at
times. The original audio was also
not recorded as direct sound but was instead mostly post-dubbed (one notable
exception being Catherine's memorable song which can be heard over Disc One's
main menu). The occasionally uneven
post-synchronizing of the dialogue with the actors' lip motions is a
characteristic of the actual film and not an indication of an error in the
are no bad films; there are only mediocre directors." - François
Special Edition double-disc release of Jules
et Jim far surpasses the previous Fox Lorber DVD release in almost every
conceivable category. Certainly,
the bonus features alone should keep fans of the film entertained and occupied
for quite some time.
first disc holds the film in its entirety as well as several extras.
Aside from the theatrical trailer, there are two commentary tracks and
interview excerpts from The Key to Jules and Jim and Bibliothèque
de poche, with additional comments from Truffaut about Roché.
first commentary features co-writer Jean Gruault, Truffaut collaborator Suzanne
Schiffman, editor Claudine Bouché, and film scholar Annette Insdorf.
The edited contributions for this commentary were originally recorded in
1992 and mostly revolve around recollections about the film's production or
about Truffaut himself. However, Insdorf's comments are particularly insightful and
focus primarily on the character of Catherine and her motivations.
second commentary is essentially an interview between actress Jeanne Moreau and
Truffaut biographer Serge Toubiana. This
audio track is entirely in French with English subtitles.
Moreau discusses her initial meeting with Truffaut, her work on his
various films, and her relationship with the director.
Toubiana possesses a wealth of knowledge about Truffaut, although
regrettably he seems content to merely pose questions while Moreau provides the
bulk of the comments.
the two excerpts describing the basis behind the story of Jules and Jim, the first one (31 min.) is the longest and comes from
the 1985 documentary The Key to Jules and
Jim. This documentary
highlights the lives of the real people, Helen and Franz Hessel, who along with
Henri-Pierre Roché inspired the characters in Roché's novel and Truffaut's
film. The reminiscences arise
primarily from interviews with the Hessels' two surviving sons along with
occasional comments from old family friends.
Old family portraits complement these interview clips. The second excerpt (7 min.) is from a 1966 broadcast of the
French program Bibliothèque de poche.
In this clip, Truffaut discusses his friendship with Roché, briefly
compares the adaptation to the novel, and lastly shows various international
editions of the novelist's famous book.
on to the second disc, a plethora of interviews await.
The "Truffaut on Truffaut" menu of the DVD lists a series of
interviews conducted over the years with Truffaut himself.
First is an excerpt (9 min.) from a 1965 episode of Cinéastes
de notre temps. In this
particular episode, Truffaut talks about the Roché novel, the adaptation
process, and the film's central theme about relationships.
Clips from the film also appear, including the final scene (probable
spoilers here). Truffaut discusses
some of his editing techniques for the film as well.
is a segment (32 min.) from the 1969 French program L'Invité du dimanche. Jeanne
Moreau is seen commenting on Truffaut's personality and his directorial style,
while a later interview offers Truffaut an opportunity to react or to respond to
Moreau's observations. Also
included are a few words from legendary French director Jean Renoir.
that is a short clip (9 min.) from Truffaut's first American television
appearance, a 1977 interview with New York Film Festival director Richard Roud
for the arts program Camera Three.
The interview is conducted in French (with subtitles) as part of
Truffaut's visit to America to promote his film The
Man Who Loved Women. Truffaut
discusses the "auteur theory" of filmmaking, compares Jules
and Jim with Two English Girls
(based on another Roché novel), and considers reasons why his films are
seemingly more popular overseas than in his native France.
a long and particularly interesting excerpt (29 min.) arises from Truffaut's
1979 "Dialogue on Film" for American Film Institute.
In this excerpt, Truffaut addresses a group of film fans for a
question-and-answer session (with cheerful English translation from film scholar
Annette Insdorf). Questions range from Truffaut's directorial style to his
interactions with his actors.
in this set of Truffaut interviews is a 1980 archival radio conversation (28
min.) conducted between Truffaut and Claude-Jean Philippe.
The interview is subdivided into ten audio-only segments, each presented
over a still photograph or promotional artwork from Jules
and Jim. Topics range from Jules and Jim's initial distribution difficulties in America,
Truffaut's admiration for director Ernst Lubitsch, Truffaut's relationship with
the actors in the film, and even a few words about the film's co-screenwriter
Jean Gruault, too.
there is an interview (19 min.) with director of photography Raoul Coutard, who
had worked with many of the finest New Wave directors.
Coutard discusses the making of Jules
and Jim and touches upon Truffaut's career.
Clips from the film accompany Coutard's anecdotes, which generally focus
on the Caméflex photography system, lighting on the sets, and the film's
Jean Gruault has his own interview, assembled from footage shot at the Cinémathèque
Française and briefly used in the 1986 documentary Working
with Truffaut. The footage here
represents the complete interview (21 min.), re-edited specifically for this DVD
release. Gruault discusses adapting
Roché's novels to film, Truffaut's screen alter-ego Antoine Doinel, and several
other Truffaut films upon which Gruault collaborated.
last interview segment is a conversation (23 min.) between university professors
Robert Stam and Dudley Andrew. They
speak about the cinematic techniques exploited by Truffaut in fully realizing
his version of Jules and Jim.
The two film scholars also discuss various condensations of the novel's
characters for the film adaptation as well as some of their personal favorite
scenes from the film.
there is a stills gallery. Aside
from the usual promotional artwork, the gallery contains screenplay notes,
script pages, and samples of Truffaut's correspondence with his colleagues,
including Helen Hessel. There are
over thirty entries, not including various text pages describing the contents of
is one of the few companies to include generous supplemental reading material in
their DVD packages, and a fine 44-page booklet has been included with Jules
and Jim. Apart from many production photographs and various notes
concerning the film's cast and crew and the transfer itself, there are several
worthwhile essays reprinted in this booklet.
The opening essay is "On Jules
and Jim," a piece written by film critic John Powers.
This article provides a fairly good synopsis of the film as well as the
characteristics which have made the film such a classic of the French New Wave.
The article is also a good introduction to the film and can be enjoyed
without spoiling any of the film's plot elements.
there is a triad of articles written by Truffaut himself during the 1950's when
he was still a critic for Cahiers du cinéma.
The first article, "On The
Naked Dawn," is a positive critique of a now-forgotten low-budget
American Western film which contained at its core the relationship between two
men and a woman. This article is
interesting not only for its historical perspective but also for the mention of
Roché's novel "Jules and Jim" (this was six years before the release
of Truffaut's film adaptation of the novel).
The second article, "French Cinema is Withering Under the Burden of
False Legends," is a diatribe by Truffaut concerning the perceived decline
of French cinema. Within this
article, we can witness the flowering of Truffaut's own determination to become
a director himself and to liberate French cinema from its tired conventions.
The long third article, "Henri-Pierre Roché Revisited," is the
introduction to a 1981 German edition of the novel "Jules and Jim."
Truffaut describes his enthusiasm for the novel and his faithful
correspondence with Roché before the author's death. Truffaut relates his own steps afterwards towards making the
film and his efforts to preserve
the texture and tone of the novel (after the release of Jules and Jim, Truffaut even received a complimentary and grateful
letter from Helen Hessel, who had been the inspiration for Kathe).
This article continues with a description of how Truffaut came to adapt
another of Roché's novels - "Two English Girls."
Truffaut closes with an extensive biography of Roché's life.
final article in the booklet is "Jules and Jim," a movie review
written by Pauline Kael, perhaps the best-known American film critic of her day.
Kael showers accolades upon the film and presents a rather scholarly
dissertation, but she gives away entirely too much of the plot.
Save this essay for last (after watching the film).